Zoë Porphyrogenita, born in Constantinople in 980, was the second of three daughters of Helena of Alypia and Constantine VIII, the last male heir of the great Macedonian Dynasty. Above her is an inscription which reads “Zoe, the most pious Augusta”. When the Roman emperor Diogenes tried to get Armenia back at the great battle of Manzikert in 1071 (using Viking mercenaries as his soldiers), he not only lost but was captured by the Seljuks. Theodora also answers to Theodora Zoe Ray, Theodora Z Bessinas and Theodora Zoe Bessinas, and perhaps a couple of other names. He was an extraordinarily handsome man, and it seemed that Nature herself had prepared him for the supreme position in the Empire. She was the daughter of Constantine VIII (r. 1025-1028 CE). Michael V Kalaphates was so called because his father was a mere caulker while his mother was the sister of Michael IV. She was co-empress with her sister Zoë for two months in 1042 and sole empress regnant from 11 January 1055 to 31 August 1056. In 1056 she suddenly became gravely ill with an intestinal disorder and died a few days later. Theodora again declined marriage, but Zoë, though in her mid-60s, readily accepted a third husband in June 1042. The Avars teamed with the Powerful to overthrow Zoe and Theodora. Zoe died in 1050, and Constantine in 1055. Here the Empress is portrayed alongside Constantine IX with Jesus Christ between them in an act of blessing. Theodora Porphyrogenita was the youngest daughter of Helena of Alypia and Emperor Constantine VIII, who had no surviving sons when he died in 1028. ... Theodora II Empress-Mother of the Byzantine Empire. She was born into the Macedonian dynasty that ruled the Byzantine Empire for almost two hundred years. Constantine had prearranged the marriage of Zoe to the aged Romanos Argyrus, the eparch (in effect, mayor) of Constantinople who, now made emperor, became Romanos III. There too her plan was greeted as an inspiration from God. He, too, had no sons, so he left the throne to his fifty-year-old daughter Zoe and her husband Romanus III. Theodora, (born 981?, Constantinople [now Istanbul, Tur. on Empresses Zoe and Theodora, 12th century CE So the Empire passed into the hands of the two sisters, and for the first time in our lives we saw the transformation of the women’s quarters into an emperor's council chamber. The new choice was another docile aristocrat, a puppet of the civil bureaucrats: Constantine IX Monomachus (reigned 1042-1055), previously one of Zoë's lovers. The emperor surrounded himself at court with noted intellectuals, Michael Psellos amongst them but his neglect of the army had long-term consequences, even if a Rus attack on Constantinople was thwarted in 1043 CE. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2021) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. The people of Constantinople & the church always favoured Zoe as she represented the true dynastic line. 978 Geburt: Geburt eines Kindes: ♀ Дочк� She was the second daughter of Constantine VIII and his wife Helena. Zoe and Theodora part 8 She spoke openly on the subject to her personal bodyguard and household staff, and when she saw that they were unanimous in their support of Constantine as the future emperor — their agreement seemed almost preconcerted — she informed the senate also of her designs. For two months, Zoe shared power with Theodora, until she could find yet another husband, her third, and the last she was permitted according to the rules of the Orthodox Church. I’d be up for guest posts on your blog, joint Twitter threads, lesson plans, book reviews, or what-have-you. Her choice was Constantine IX Monomachos (reigned 1042–1055), who outlived her by four years. ]—died Aug. 31, 1056, Constantinople), Byzantine empress who reigned jointly with her sister Zoe in 1042 and on her own in 1055–56. Zoe could use the same tool to get back to her rightful position at court. Despite three marriages, she had never had a child, and when her sister Theodora died in 1056 CE, so the Macedonian dynasty founded by Basil I (r. 867-886 CE) died out. Zoe remained deeply bitter toward Theodora for being her father’s first choice for the marriage and used her power as an Empress to send her sister to a monastery where she remained for 13 years. The Egret Has Landed. Military matters were no more successful with the low point being a defeat by an Arab army at Aleppo in 1030 CE. Gold Coin depicting Zoe and Theodoraby PHGCOM (CC BY). Though her background was considered disreputable, she married Justinian, who became emperor, allowing her to wield considerable influence. :306 Zoe was still jealous of Theodora and had no desire to administer the empire, but she would not allow Theodora to conduct public business alone. Written by Mark Cartwright, published on 19 April 2018 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. There were a series of civil wars while the Romans tried to decide who was going to take over. Michael’s reign was no more successful than his predecessor’s with the aristocracy opposed to the undue influence at court of the eunuch John the Orphanotrophos, the brother of Michael IV. Theodora and her sisters Zoe, Agatha, Theophano and Anna were initially held in Kanikleion. Later they were split with Theodora, Zoe and Theophano sent to the monastery of Antiochus while Agatha and Anna were sent to Myrelaion, a nunnery built by their maternal grandfather. The two younger pigs went together to another sanctuary and two older pigs – Zoe and Theodora were slated to come to WFAS. Zoe and Theodora part 36 The Russian Upheaval and the Revolt of Tornicius90. The mosaic interestingly reflects Zoe’s turbulent personal life because on close inspection one can see that the heads of all three figures have been altered as the original mosaic perhaps honoured Zoe’s first husband Romanos III or even her nephew Michael V. Related Content Indeed, this lack of vigilance was the cause of the war against the barbarians, the war which followed the crushing of Maniaces’s revolt. Beat the game with a ranking of S. 1 guide. A Byzantine gold solidus from 1042 CE, depicting co-rulers Empress Zoe and her sister Empress Theodora (r. Apr-Jun 1042 CE). Zoe (mittelgriechisch Ζωή; * um 978; † Juni 1050 in Konstantinopel) war byzantinische Kaiserin vom 21. She was the last ruler of the Macedonian line. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Zoe prayed for a miracle and tried desperately to get pregnant, without success. The army of the East was at this time engaged in Armenia Magna.118. Social history is almost entirely neglected and what remains for modern historians to study is, unfortunately, woefully insufficient to comprehensively reconstruct such features of Byzantine history a… Zoe then co-ruled with her younger sister Theodora, who was also brought out of her retirement in a monastery. Between 1980 and 2019 there were 1 birth of Zoe theodora in the countries below, which represents an average of 0 birth of children bearing the first name Zoe theodora per year on average throughout this period. Why Zoe and three other pigs were spared we’ll never know, but area sanctuaries and rescue groups cranked overtime to find safe homes for the survivors. Zoe was fifty when she first married. Zoe lives on, though, in popular memory thanks to her colourful life, the biography by Psellos and the famous gold and glass mosaic of the Hagia Sophia in Constantinople. More great articles/no distracting ads? The Romans had to give up their claims to Armenia and let Alp Arslan, the ruler of the Seljuks, have it in order to get Diogenes back. Not at all interested in her father’s choice, Zoe conspired with her teenage lover Michael to assassinate Romanos who had taken a mistress of his own and rather unwisely refused Zoe access to the imperial treasury. 51'dyX099 o 01 513 'todldt'ygvo nouo J 5ncbvy-dpX039 0 (1861) 'Soxnoupylrz 5m H now,orilnonn DI H» (soot) . 5-6). The emperor was drowned in his bath in 1034 CE. She was sole ruler from 11 January 1055. Even before his tenth birthday rumour had it that he was destined for the highest honours. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. She had been encouraged to adopt as her son Michael V, the nephew of Michael IV, by John the Orphanotrophos. Zoe and Theodora are our mothers -- we will not allow them to be murdered!" MyHeritage Family Trees; Geni World Family Tree; WikiTree; FamilySearch Family Tree; View all records MyHeritage Family Trees. Nota che Panno 1589 nel Borgo di S. Pietro nel loco istesso dove furon ri-trovate le contrapposte antichaglie zoe colonne canelate e capitello. Although Theodora and Zoe appeared together at meetings of the Senate or when they gave public audiences, it was soon apparent that their joint reign was under considerable strain.