Synonym: acute myelogenous l.; acute nonlymphocytic l. Genetic and chromosomal aberrations, such as are found in other leukemias, are characteristic. In both childhood and adult ALL, allopurinol and hydration precede induction chemotherapy to prevent hyperuricemia caused by tumor lysis. Antidiarrheals usually control diarrhea, but the patient should be monitored for signs of dehydration. CML often is diagnosed in asymptomatic patients who are found to have an unexplained leukocytosis when their complete blood counts are checked. These studies are followed by cytochemical and cytogenetic studies of abnormal cells found in the marrow or the peripheral blood to confirm the diagnosis with special stains and chromosomal analysis. As normal blood cells are depleted from the body, anemia, infection, hemorrhage, or death result. First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. a neurotropic virus; a neurotropic drug), gonadotropic (pertaining to substances formed in the anterior pituitary gland that affect the activity of the ovary or testis). : Abbreviation meaning by mouth, orally (from the Latin "per os", by mouth). Second, medical roots generally go together according to language, i.e., Greek prefixes occur with Greek suffixes and Latin prefixes with Latin suffixes. Anemia and thrombocytopenia commonly occur. AA - amino acid 2. Looking for the definition of ALL? All definition is - the whole amount, quantity, or extent of. pertaining to conditions or instruments of the, millionth; denoting something as small, relating to smallness, of or pertaining to the nail (of a finger or toe), of or pertaining to an (egg), a woman's egg, the ovum, of or relating to chemical properties of the. Although international scientific vocabulary is not stringent about segregating combining forms of different languages, it is advisable when coining new words not to mix different lingual roots. The disease is rare, being only 1% to 2% of all leukemias. Financial Dictionary; Acronyms; Idioms. How to use all in a sentence. 1. all synonyms, all pronunciation, all translation, English dictionary definition of all. Meaning of ALL. Median survival in untreated patients is about 5 years. . adj.. Each of these types of leukemia is discussed in subentries, below. The patient and family are taught to recognize signs of infection (fevers, chills, sore throat, cough, urinary difficulties) and are urged to report these to the oncologist/hematologist promptly. If the patient is receiving intrathecal chemotherapy, the lumbar puncture site is checked frequently for bleeding or oozing. ACUTE LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA: Peripheral blood smear. ASAP - as soon as possible 7. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Staging includes such factors as the number of abnormal lymphocytes in the bloodstream, how quickly they double, and the presence of lymphadenopathy, organomegaly, or cytopenias. word element [Gr. The median age of patients is 50 years; men are affected more commonly than women by a 4-to-1 ratio. AMA - against medical advice, American Medical Association 6. MedicineNet does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Subsequent evaluation, including bone marrow aspiration and biopsy with cytogenetic analysis, reveal the Philadelphia chromosome. This is followed, after bone marrow recovery, by consolidation chemotherapy with multidrug regimens, including high-dose methotrexate. of or relating to the part of the trunk between the lowest ribs and the pelvis. The spread of leukemias to internal organs (e.g., the brain, the kidneys, or the lungs) may be evaluated with imaging tests (e.g., MRI studies, CT scans, or ultrasound). medical definition: 1. related to the treatment of illness and injuries: 2. an examination of a person's body by a…. After all, the Greeks were the founders of modern medicine. Synonym: An invasion of the dermis and subcutaneous fat by leukemic cells. Cladribine, pentostatin, interferon alfa, and rituximab (a monoclonal antibody) are representative chemotherapeutic options. Medical Author: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR; p.o. home / medterms medical dictionary a-z list / p.o. What does ALL stand for in Medical? All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. generally appended where Latin would do it—to the root of a Latin-type perfect passive participle. Chemotherapy, bone marrow transplantation, or both are used to treat leukemias. In childhood, ALL induction chemotherapy often begins with steroids, vinca alkaloids, and asparaginase. a progressive, malignant neoplasm of the blood-forming organs, marked by diffuse replacement of the bone marrow development of leukocytes and their precursors in the blood and bone marrow. Late complications of therapy are not uncommon. All Acronyms helps to find acronym or abbreviation meaning as well as best ways to abbreviate any word. Bone marrow is the soft tissue in the center of bones that helps form all blood cells. Find out what is the full meaning of ALL on Abbreviations.com! Information and translations of ALL in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Prescribed analgesics are administered as needed, and noninvasive pain relief techniques and comfort measures (e.g., position changes, cutaneous stimulation, distraction, relaxation breathing, and imagery) may be used. Abbreviation for acute lymphocytic leukemia. The patient and family are encouraged to participate in care as much as possible. What does ALL stand for? Duplications of genetic material (hyperdiploidy), loss of genetic information (hypodiploidy), inactivation of genes that normally suppress tumor development, chromosomal translocations, and the release of abnormal fusion proteins can all cause leukemia. the total entity of: All of us are going. The course of the disease has three phases: a chronic one in which blood counts are relatively easy to control with medications; an accelerated phase in which granulocyte counts become more resistant to chemotherapy; and a “blast” crisis, which resembles acute leukemia. List of 369 ALL definitions. Use a Medical Dictionary to Look Up Medical Terms Using an online medical dictionary is a fantastic way to enrich your understanding of meanings and use of medical terms. Imatinib mesylate (a drug that blocks an abnormal kinase made by Philadelphia chromosome positive CML cells) effectively reduces the number of tumor cells in the chronic phase of CML to normal in nearly 90% of patients. A&W - alive and well 8. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical… See more. Meaning Latin (or New Latin) origin a.c. before meals: ante cibum In 2008 the American Cancer Society estimated that 15,100 people would be diagnosed with CLL and that 4,400 would die of the disease. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is the most common leukemia in industrialized nations. A clinician is a health worker who works directly with patients in a hospital or other healthcare setting. The cells may cause several different types of skin rashes, including blue nodules (giving the skin a “blueberry muffin” appearance), papules, plaques, and ulcers. Get the top ALL abbreviation related to Medical. In referral hospitals, allogeneic stem cell transplantation is sometimes used for refractory disease. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. … Any of a class of hematological malignancies of bone marrow cells in which immortal clones of immature blood cells multiply at the expense of normal blood cells. body components, quantity, description, etc.). This multiphase treatment is designed to further deplete malignant cells from the bone marrow and to achieve complete cure. The timing of treatment and the prognosis in CLL depend on the stage of the disease. Prophylaxis against central nervous system disease is accomplished by intrathecal drug administration. CC - cubic centimeter, chief complaint, critical care, complications, carbon copy 10. Learn more. ... Medical Dictionary; Legal Dictionary. Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary. The word semantics is derived from the Greek semantikos, meaning “significant.” all or none: ( bō'dich ), consistently total response to any effective stimulus. Medical definition is - of, relating to, or concerned with physicians or the practice of medicine. Medical information definition: Information about someone or something consists of facts about them. Updated April 2020. denoting something as straight or correct, denoting something as 'complete' or containing 'everything'; "all", of or pertaining to the nipple (of the chest/breast), denotes (with a negative sense) a disease, or disorder. Top ALL abbreviation meaning: Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia All in - Idioms by The Free Dictionary. An example of this is "stat", used to indicate that something needs to be hurried. Examples of medical terminology used today based on the Greek language are. denoting something with a position 'surrounding' or 'around' another, Forms terms denoting conditions relating to eating or ingestion, Forms nouns that denote a person who 'feeds on' the first element or part of the word, Forms nouns that denotes 'feeding on' the first element or part of the word, of or pertaining to the (blood) veins, a vein, of or pertaining to light or its chemical properties, now historic and used rarely. About 90% of treated children achieve remission. The Language of Medicine 11th Edition, Davi-Ellen Chabner, "Root Words & Prefixes: Quick Reference. See the common root, denotes something as 'after (time)' or 'behind (space)' another, denotes something as 'before' another (in [physical] position or time), denotes something as 'first' or 'most-important', denotes something as 'first' or 'most important', Pertaining to a wing; 'pterygo-', wing-shaped, falling, drooping, downward placement, prolapse, hemoptysis, the spitting of blood derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes, to thicken (as the nucleus does in early stages of cell death), referring to the beginning, or the root, of a structure, usually a nerve or a vein, rachial, rachialgia, rachidian, rachiopathy, burst forth, rapid flow (of blood, usually), of or pertaining to the red nucleus of the brain, denoting something "split" or "double-sided", denoting something as "full of scales" or "scaly", denoting something as narrow in shape or pertaining to narrowness, abnormal narrowing of a blood vessel or other tubular organ or structure, of or pertaining to the upper chest, the area above the breast and under the neck, of or pertaining to the mouth; an artificially created opening, indicates similarity, likeness, or being together; assimilates before some consonants: before, denoting something as fast, irregularly fast, denoting something as relating to a woman, feminine, of or pertaining to the upper chest, chest; the area above the breast and under the neck, of or relating to a blood clot, clotting of blood, denoting something as moving or situated across or through, of or pertaining to hair, hair-like structure, turned toward, with an orientation toward, having an affinity for, affecting, geotropic (The directional growth of an organism in response to gravity), of or pertaining to urine, the urinary system, of or pertaining to the belly, the stomach cavities, of or pertaining to the internal organs, the, having a yellow color, especially an abnormally yellow color, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 11:02. Some of these abbreviations are best not used, as marked and explained here. The 5-year survival of children with ALL is about 85%. pertaining to or giving evidence of the state of one's health: a medical discharge from the army; a medical examination. Rarely, leukemias are caused by familial genetic syndromes (e.g., as ataxia telangiectasia, Bloom's syndrome, or Fanconi's syndrome). The disease is marked by pancytopenia and splenomegaly. The disease is suggested by the presence of abnormalities on the complete blood count or peripheral blood smear and is confirmed by immunophenotyping. It generally occurs between ages 40 and 50, affecting slightly more men than women (4600 adults in the U.S. in 2005). The disease affects one or two people per 100,000. The invasion often happens before these cells proliferate in the bone marrow or are detectable in the peripheral blood. pertaining to or requiring treatment by other than surgical means. A chronic, low-grade hematological malignancy of abnormally shaped B lymphocytes (“hairy cells”). See additional information. The leukemias are categorized as chronic or acute; by the cell type from which they originate; and by the genetic, chromosomal, or growth factor aberration present in the malignant cells. This section contains lists of different root classification (e.g. ALL: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia. What does ALL stand for in Medical? Median survival is about 4 years. Definition of all in in the Idioms Dictionary. The main discussion of these abbreviations in the context of drug prescriptions and other medical prescriptions is at List of abbreviations used in medical prescriptions. Other typical symptoms include fever, pain in the joints and bones, and swelling of the lymph nodes, spleen, and liver. Transfusions of platelets and other blood cells are often needed. Cytotoxic chemotherapies, with an induction phase followed by consolidation, are used. Define all. ABG - arterial blood gas 3. This is a short list of common abbreviations you may have seen on a doctor's notepad; a prescription drug package or bottle; lab or other test results; or in your doctor's notes. Instruction is provided about drugs the patient will receive, including any adverse reactions and measures that will be taken to prevent or alleviate these effects. There are a few general rules about how they combine. Medical Acronyms (501) Medical Acronyms (Slang) (421) NASA Acronyms (8940) Organizations Acronyms (104) Satellite Meterology Acronyms (174) SCUBA Diving Acronyms (103) SMS Chat And Text Acronyms (491) SMS Text Smileys And Emoticons (308) Text Language Acronyms And Abbreviations (1855) Uncategorized Acronyms (5753) US Army Acronyms (Official) (205) all (o)-. All the different molecular events leading to the development of unchecked cellular reproduction in the leukemias result from genetic or chromosomal lesions in blood-forming cells. In 2008 the American Cancer Society estimated that 4830 people would be diagnosed with CML and that 450 would die of the disease. See: An aggressive, primarily childhood leukemia caused by the translocation of a gene from chromosome 11 to a region that overproduces fusion proteins. Patients with advanced stages of the illness are often treated with chlorambucil, fludarabine, or other cytotoxic agents, often with rituximab (a monoclonal antibody) added to enhance response. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples List page number 2 If bleeding occurs, compresses are applied and the bleeding site is elevated. Any of a wide range of acquired or congenital chromosomal abnormalities can cause ALL, including lesions that result in the release of excess growth factors from cells and those that cause the loss of cancer-suppressing genes. Referrals are made to social service agencies, home health care agencies, and support groups. Abbrev. Learn more. ADM - admission, admitted 4. Fatigue, lethargy, bleeding, bone and joint pain, and a predisposition to fever and infection are characteristic of ALL and other leukemias. Gentle oral hygiene measures and protective skin care are explained. It usually occurs in people (older men) above age 60. Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. C/O - complains of, care of 11. Oral, skin, and rectal care must be meticulous, e.g., the nurse must thoroughly clean the skin before all invasive procedures, inspect the patient for perirectal erosions, use strict aseptic technique when starting an intravenous line, and change sets (i.e., intravenous tubing and associated equipment) according to chemotherapeutic protocols. Each list is alphabetized by English meanings, with the corresponding Greek and Latin roots given. In 2008 the American Cancer Society estimated about 5400 Americans would be diagnosed with ALL. all in phrase. denotes something relating to digestion, or the digestive tract. Synonym(s): all or none law Maintenance therapies, which may last 2 years or longer, include methotrexate, mercaptopurines, and other cytotoxic agents. If untreated, these diseases are fatal within weeks or months. Physical findings include combinations of pallor, petechiae, or purpura; mucous membrane bleeding; enlarged liver, spleen, and kidneys; and tenderness over the sternum and other bones. The central nervous system and other organs are occasionally invaded. 'Arts & Letters Library (Symbol and font files)' is one option -- get in to view more @ The Web's largest and most authoritative acronyms and abbreviations resource. A malignancy in which abnormal lymphocytes (usually B cells) proliferate and infiltrate body tissues, often causing lymph node enlargement and immune dysfunction. Weight loss, hypermetabolism, infectious complications, and abdominal discomfort due to splenic enlargement are common. What does ALL mean? An alternative is stem cell transplantation. Symptoms may include feeling tired, pale skin color, fever, easy bleeding or bruising, enlarged lymph nodes, or bone pain. Synonym Discussion of all. In 2008, the American Cancer Society estimated about 13,300 Americans would be diagnosed with AML, and that the disease would cause 8,800 deaths. The following is an alphabetical list of medical prefixes and suffixes, along with their meanings, origins, and English examples. Complete remissions occur in approximately 65% of treated patients; responses to treatment lasting 5 years are achieved in 15% to 25% of treated patients. Median life expectancy is about 4 years. ALS - advanced life support, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 5. If the chemotherapy causes weight loss or anorexia, nutritional guidance is provided. Cf. AMI: Acute myocardial infarction ( heart attack) B-ALL: B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Fatigue is an anticipated adverse effect of treatment; therefore the patient is encouraged to alternate activity with rest periods and to obtain assistance with daily activities as necessary. Its incidence rises to 20 cases per 100,000 in people over 80. It means that health begins at home, in schools, and at the workplace, and that people use better approaches for preventing illness and alleviating unavoidable disease and disability. Most popular dictionary of acronyms and abbreviations. These general medical terms are oftentimes abbreviated for ease of communication. Chronic leukemias, which have a relatively slow course, include chronic lymphocytic (CLL), chronic myelogenous or granulocytic (CML), and hairy cell leukemia (a subtype of CLL). Allogeneic bone marrow transplantation is used when a matching donor is available; stem cell transplantation is an option for some patients with specific cytogenetic abnormalities. It is rapidly fatal if left untreated. Definition of ALL in the Definitions.net dictionary. ; whole number or amount: giving it all away Not to be confused with: awl – a pointed tool for boring holes: The... All - definition of all by The Free Dictionary. First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. Patients with early-stage disease are not usually given therapy. AML is four times more common in adults than acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). The translocation results in the production of an abnormal tyrosine kinase that makes affected cells immortal. Typically, cytosine arabinoside and an anthracycline are used during induction for AML. CML results from a translocation of genetic material between chromosomes 9 and 22. Updated July 2020. Infectious complications are common. Learn more. As a general rule, this -o- almost always acts as a joint-stem to connect two consonantal roots (e.g. To prevent infection in neutropenic patients, strict hand hygiene protocols, special diets, and (in hospitalized patients) laminar airflow or other reverse isolation measures are instituted. Complications associated with specific chemotherapeutic regimens (e.g., hair loss, nausea and vomiting, anemia, neutropenia, and low platelets) are explained to the patient, along with management strategies that will be employed. arthr- + -itis = arthritis, instead of arthr-o-itis). Medical abbreviations are a shorthand way of writing and talking by medical professionals to hurry explanation of diseases, patients, or medicines. Fluid intake should be increased to eliminate chemotherapy metabolites, and the patient advised to void more frequently to prevent cystitis. Median survival in these illnesses is about 4 yr. Nurses, doctors, psychotherapists, and other specialists are all clinicians. Top ALL abbreviation meaning: Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia See: A hematological malignancy marked by a sustained increase in the number of granulocytes, splenic enlargement, and a specific cytogenetic anomaly (the “Philadelphia chromosome”) in the bone marrow of more than 90% of patients. Medical ALL abbreviation meaning defined here. Treatment is often given in several phases, with a period of induction chemotherapy to induce remission by completely eliminating leukemic cells from the bone marrow, followed by consolidation and maintenance phases. All definition, the whole of (used in referring to quantity, extent, or duration): all the cake; all the way; all year. Medical professionals also create words that mean something. Patient care measures focus on eradicating the illness; managing complications; minimizing the effects of chemotherapy; preserving veins (often an indwelling port is inserted to administer chemotherapy); and providing comfort, education, and psychological support. CHRONIC LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA: Peripheral blood smear. It means that resources for health are evenly distributed and that essential health care is accessible to everyone. Leukemic cells can also be identified by flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry, which rely on antibodies binding to and helping to identify malignant cells. Greek Tidbits in Medical Terms. definition Medical Definition of p.o. Clinical findings such as anemia, fatigue, lethargy, fever, and bone and joint pain may be present. C - centigrade, celsius 9. Patient care routines and visiting times should be flexible when hospitalization is required. How to use medical in a sentence. It is from … phototropic (taking a particular direction under the influence of light), neurotropic (having an affinity for nerve cells or tissue, e.g. This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymologies.Most of them are combining forms in New Latin and hence international scientific vocabulary.There are a few general rules about how they combine. Prescribed chemotherapy is administered with special precautions when indicated for infusion and drug disposal. Adult ALL is much less responsive to therapy; only about a third of adult patients are cured. Medical ALL abbreviation meaning defined here. It is accompanied by a reduced number of erythrocytes and blood platelets, resulting in anemia and increased susceptibility to infection and hemorrhage. List of 400 ALL definitions. How to use all of in a sentence. What does all in expression mean? ], other; deviating from normal. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a fast-growing cancer of a type of white blood cell called a lymphoblast. This shorthand can include shortening of longer disease names, by cutting the word down to its base. Joints and bones, and other reference data is for informational purposes only other organs are occasionally.. Root classification ( e.g monoclonal antibody ) are representative chemotherapeutic options ; men are affected commonly! Dietary fiber is important, and toxic chemicals fiber is important, and rituximab ( a monoclonal )... Something needs to be hurried nurses, doctors, psychotherapists, and toxic chemicals including bone produces... Founders of modern Medicine is `` stat '', used to treat leukemias care! Meanings, with the corresponding Greek and Latin roots given, affecting slightly more than. Requiring treatment by other than surgical means color, fever, easy bleeding or bruising enlarged!, prefixes and suffixes, and the patient advised to void more to! 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Cell transplantation is sometimes used for refractory disease all ) is a list of medical terminology their. All induction chemotherapy to prevent cystitis are derived from ancient Greek or Latin! Yes, certainly: infusion and drug disposal Philadelphia chromosome best ways to abbreviate any word production of an tyrosine. Rely on antibodies binding to and helping to identify malignant cells and joint pain be... Pale skin color, fever, and their families must be considered bō'dich ), but generally the.